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The History of Hurling

Hurling – History and Evolution

Hurling is one of the oldest field games in the world and is popular for at least 3000 years in Ireland with the first literary reference dating back to 1272 BC.

Hurling is often referenced in Irish myths and legends, the most famous of which has to be the early account found in the Táin Bo Cuailgne, a legendary tale from early Irish literature, which describes the exploits of the Ulster hero Cú Chullainn, (literally Hound of Cullen) who was so named after killing a fierce guard dog by driving a hurling ball down its throat. Such stories often portray Hurling as a form of martial training and proficiency on the Hurling field was equated with skill in battle. Throughout the countryside, Hurling thrived as a wild and often violent practice with few set rules. One 17th century account describes the game as being played on a plain about 200-300 yards long, with victory going to the first team to drive the ball through the goal of the opponent.

The Celtic legal system, the Brehon Laws, provided for compensation for hurling accidents and provisions were also made for cases of deliberate injury, or even death, as a result of Hurling. The game was outlawed in the 12th century after the occupation by the Normans, but it survived and even flourished up to the early 19th century mainly due to patronization by the landlords.

By the time of the Great Famine of 1846 – 49, Hurling had declined dramatically and was in danger of dying out completely but for a number of strongholds. However, Dublin Castle itself admitted that by the late 1850s, Hurling was being played all over Munster and records of the game survive in Donegal and Down and Kilkenny and Longford.

There was much variation in the forms of the stick and ball games played in Ireland. There was the cross country scuaib in Clare and South Galway. The Camán (anglicized to commons) game was played due north of the Dublin Galway railway line and epicentred in Ulster’s communal heartlands. There was also the Iomán form of the Hurling that was regulated by the Killimor Daly rules of south Galway and the more obscure local rules drafted by James Maher of Tipperary before the famine. 

The 19th century saw a new version of Hurling, or hurley as it was referred to, become popular within the upper classes. A defining ten year period for Hurling was before the establishment of the Gaelic Athletic Association in 1884. By 1879, there were at least six hurley clubs among the gentry in Dublin, and the Irish Hurley Union was founded in Trinity College. It was exclusively an upper-class preserve and bore little relation to traditional concepts of the game. During this period, the various forms of the game all metamorphosed into the first nationally codified sport of Hurling, which was in essence, the summer game of Leinster and the South. Camán, the ground Hurling winter game which according to mid-nineteenth century accounts had been more widespread and popular within Ireland than its younger Hurling sibling, was to fade away, even in Ulster where it had been played for generations.

A clareman named Michael Cusack had realised the need for common regulations and this inspired much of his thinking with regard to the formation of the GAA. In order to preserve the game of Hurling, Cusack had begun writing about its revival in 1882 in a newspaper *The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News *and in 1884 the GAA was founded to restore the Gaelic pastimes of old.

Since the foundation of the GAA in 1884 and the introduction of a formal set of rules, the game of Hurling has evolved to the game we see today. The original core concept of man-on man (or woman-on-woman) contests for the ball within the defined framework of a positional game has been added to and eroded to varying degrees over time.

The physical conditioning of the modern player has allowed him to move quickly into space to gain possession of the ball, in many cases uncontested, while a focus on maintaining possession has resulted in the movement of the ball in a more designed manner, giving clear advantage to a team mate. This latter trend has also resulted in the reduction in frequency of use of many of the less controllable skills of both games, for example, the overhead strike in Hurling, as the use of these may often lead to a more equal contest or the loss of possession altogether. The focus on maintaining possession once you have it has antagonistically resulted in the adoption of defensive tactics designed to concentrate players in front of the scoring area or around the ball when not in possession.

While there is much debate about the value of such tactics to both games, modern coaches seek to position their players against opponents they perceive to have advantages over – whether in the contest or once in possession – maintaining the dramatic combat or duel concept of the games. All the while tactical innovation is sought from far and wide to overcome those of their opponents, and improve their team’s chances of winning.

Hurling has also been exposed to the influence of external sources, particularly through the international games played between Hurlers of Ireland and their Scottish Shinty counterparts. The game is played under ‘compromise’ rules agreed between the governing associations and provide an opportunity for players to represent their country in a series of international tests from time to time.

Taken from
https://www.gaa.ie/my-gaa/getting-involved/hurling-history-and-evolution

Kill GAA are recruiting Adult players

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If you are interested, call us today to arrange to go to one of our training sessions.

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A little bit of History found online…………

BURNING OF KILL VILLAGE HALL

An article from the Kildare Observer February 8, 1919 telling of a claim for compensation for the burning of Kill Village Hall. Re-typed by Aisling Dermody

Burning of Kill Village Hall

CLAIM FOR COMPENSATION DISMISSED

At Naas Quarter Sessions on Wednesday The Countess of Mayo claimed £600 compensation for the alleged malicious burning of the village hall at Kill on the night of 1st January 1919.

Mr. Cecil Fforde (instructed by Mr. C.P. Tracy, solicitor) appeared for the applicant: Mr. W.A. Lamphier, solicitor, for the Kildare County Council and Mr. Kinahan, B.L. (instructed by Messrs. Brown and McCann), for the Naas No. 1 District Council.

Mr. Fforde in opening the case said the claim was for £600 odd in respect of the malicious burning of a village hall in Kill. Some years ago Lady Mayo wished to provide some place where the people around about could hold concerts, dances and amusements of that kind. She got subscriptions amongst her friends and raised a sum of £101, of which she subscribed £25 and Lord May £10, and there was a balance of £150, which Lady Mayo provided part of which was repaid by the receipts and there was still a sum of £80 due to Lady Mayo. About a year ago the hall was used for dancing classes, and its use for that purpose was discontinued as it led to noisy scenes, etc. In August, 1917, the secretary of the local Sinn Fein club wrote to Lady Mayo demanding the hall for the purpose of meetings on the grounds that as the hall had been built by public subscriptions they were entitled to use it. “I need hardly say” said council, “that these gentlemen did not subscribe one penny to that or probably to any other purpose to serve the nation.” The letter from the Sinn Fein club of Kill and Ardclough set out that as the hall had been built by public subscriptions, the committee came to the conclusion that they should have the use of it. The letter was signed by Thos Clarke, New Row, Kill. To that letter, Lady Mayo replied stating that the use of the hall could not be given, as under its rules it could only be used for educational or recreational purposes. Later on, there was a certain amount of these public demonstrations which took the form of cattle-driving, and a number of Lord Mayo’s grazing tenants’ cattle were driven off the land. It was necessary to bring police into the district, and the police took possession of the hall without permission of Lord or Lady Mayo to be used as a centre. On the 1st January of this year, a concert was being given in the hall in aid of the fund for payment of the district nurse, and some soldiers gave their assistance. That entertainment closed at about 10 o’clock. A number of lamps that had been used in the hall were carefully extinguished. About midnight some of those who took part in the entertainment passed the hall and there was no sign of fire. About 2 o’clock the police were notified that the hall was blazing. The hall cost £255 to build, and could not be rebuilt now for less than twice that amount. There was a lot of things in the hall, which brought the claim up to £600.

Lady Mayo, examined, in reply to Mr. Fforde, said the hall was built in the year 1914 on her own initiative for educational recreational schemes in the neighbourhood. A number of her friends and the people of the neighbourhood helped by subscribing about £70. About a year ago the hall had been let for dancing classes, and that was discontinued. In the year 1918, there was a good deal of cattle driving on the lands of Lord Mayo’s tenants. On the 1st January this year there was a pantomime held in the hall. The replacement value of the hall was over £300. The articles enumerated in the list produced were in the hall at the burning. A few days after the burning witness got an anonymous letter. (Council said he would not read the letter, but would hand it up to his Honour).

Mr Kinahan objected to the introduction of the letter.

Lady Mayo, examined by Mr. Kinahan, said the public around the district subscribed to the fund for the erection of the hall. There was no boycotting of another enterprise of hers in Kill – the Dewdrop Inn. The hall was insured but she did not know whether the policy precluded the use of the hall for theatricals. There was not to her knowledge any repudiation by the insurance company of liability.
Frank Leckton, butler at Palmerstown, examined by Mr. Fforde, said he got up the pantomime on 1st January. There was in the hall a portable oil stove, which was alight during the day of the performance, but was extinguished by him before 7 p.m. There were oil lamps in front of the stage and over the auditorium. There was smoking in the auditorium and a certain amount amongst the players on stage. The performance concluded at 10.10 p.m. Witness saw the pianist put out the candles on the piano and he then went to put out the oil lamps on the stage. All the lamps were put out except three suspension lights and one light in the dressing room. The footman footman put out the remaining lights, and witness said the others went to supper at Mr. Stevens’s. When returning on their way home about 12 o’clock everything was all right and the hall was in darkness.

Thursday

The direct examination of Frank Lockton was continued on Thursday morning. In answer to Mr. Fforde witness said there was nothing inflammable in the room at the back of the stage. During the performance there was smoking on the stage. There was a small window in the gable end of the building. The evening of the fire was wet and the floor was wet and damp with the audience. Cross examined by Mr. Kinahan – Smoking was not forbidden in the body of the hall. About four men might have been smoking in the dressing room. The performance was “Dick Whittington” and a lot of fancy dresses were used. The window at the gable end was taken out to illustrate the throwing of chestnuts from the scenes as if from trees.

Mr. Fforde – The chestnuts were pantomime jokes (laughter).

Witness continuing said that no particular hostility was shown to them during rehearsals.

George Franklin, chauffer to Lord Mayo depose that he extinguished the acetone lights on the night of the performance. Witness saw no cigarette ends or burning tobacco in or near the dressing room.

William Whitaside, footman at Palmerstown, deposed that he put out all the lights on the night of the performance with the exception of a hurricane lamp, which was outside to show people the three steps leading up to the hall. After the people left the hall a woman came in and said she had lost a key. With the aid of the hurricane lamp witness searched the whole of the floor, and there was nothing about to cause a fire.

Mr Richard Lowe, Manager of the Dew Drop Inn Kill, deposed to being awakened at 1.50 on the morning of the 2nd January. He went to the window and on looking out saw the hall on fire. The place was just one mass of flame.

To Mr. Kinanhan the witness said everyone round the place dealt in the Dew Drop Inn.

Constable Longheed deposed that he was at the performance on the 1st January. He would not say there were any Sinn Feiners in the hall that night at least no pronounced Sinn Feiners. There might have been some of the weak-minded Sinn Feiners there. (Laughter)

His Honour. Some people say that description might apply to all and explain the existence of the institution. (Laughter)

Further examined the witness spoke of having been awakened by the noise of the burning and seeing the hall in flames.

Mr R.H. Hall produced a map of the district showing the position of the hall. His Honour in the course of his remarks in summing up said it was a great pity this fine hall that was created through the generosity of Lord and Lady Mayo who had done so much for the locality should have been burned. He thought the theory of accident was extremely unlikely. The tendency of his mind was to say that the possibility and the probability was that it didn’t happen by accident. But he could not decide on probability. He thought it unlikely the fire happened by accident but he could not say it was impossible. He wanted evidence and he had not got that evidence and he therefore had to refuse the application. He allowed £6 10s costs and expenses. There were a number of other claims in respect of loss of property through the burning. A like order was made in all the cases.

The Kildare Observer 8th February 1919

Posted First by jdurney at 10:50 AM | Permalink

Camogie training for Girls, 10 years and under

Under 6 up age 10 Camogie training is on every Monday from 4.45pm to 5.45pm in Kill GAA.

  • Under 7 indoors (wear runners)
  • Older girls outdoors.

We are looking for more girls to join the group.

Parents are welcome to stay and help out. Please put on your child’s helmet.

Any enquiries text or call Marie at 087 2062533 please share with girls who would be interested in trying out Camogie.

Lotto Results for Kill GAA Club

Kill GAA Lotto
Tuesday 25th March 2019
Numbers Drawn 6, 11, 15, 18.

No winner

Two people Matched 3 numbers. €200 / 2 Divides
– E Devine c/o Post Office
– Chris Cullen c/o Post Office

Next Weeks Jackpot is €10,000

Monday 1st April @ 9pm in Kill GAA Club House Bar, with a reserve of €6,500
Club House Bar is open while the Draw is on.

Thank You For Your Continued Support to Kill GAA Club.

Tickets Are Now Available To Buy Online By Clicking Link Below
https://killgaa.ie/kill-gaa-weekly-lotto/

2019 Registration

****Please Note****

Registration needs to be paid before players play matches, to allow Kill GAA to register all children, adult players and mentors with the various associations.

HURLING, FOOTBALL, LGFA & CAMOGIE

Payment can be done through our Website https://killgaa.ie/annual-membership/ · or Phone Christina at 085-1272782 (Evenings Only) to Arrange Payment.

New members are also welcome for all Codes. Contact details are on our website www.killgaa.ie

No Jackpot Winner Tuesday 19th March 2019

Kill GAA Lotto
Tuesday 19th March.
Numbers Drawn 13, 15, 20, 26.

No winner

Two people Matched 3 numbers. €200 / 2 Divides
– Leon Carroll c/o Timmy Flynn
– Mick Critchley c/o Bar

Next Weeks Jackpot is €10,000

Monday 25th March @ 9pm in Kill GAA Club House Bar, with a reserve of €6,350
Club House Bar is open while the Draw is on.

Thank You For Your Continued Support to Kill GAA Club.

Tickets Are Now Available To Buy Online By Clicking Link Below
https://killgaa.ie/kill-gaa-weekly-lotto/

ANNUAL MEMBERSHIP REGISTRATION

It’s that time of the year again, and 2019 Kill GAA Club Registrations are due for all codes.  Pay online through our website or phone Christina 085-1272782 (Evenings only) to arrange payment.

FULL PLAYING ADULT MEMBERS:

Registration Fee: €120.00

For adult players and full members

*** This registration entitles you to vote at the AGM

Click here to pay “Full Playing Adult Member” now

JUVENILE / U18 PLAYERS:

Registration Fee: €80.00

Playing teams U7 to U18 years only

Click here to pay “Juvenile / U18 Player” now

ACADEMY:

Registration Fee: €70.00

4-6 years only

Click here to pay “Academy Member” now

FAMILY:

Registration Fee: €200.00

Parents/Guardians and children under 18 years only.

**Over 18 years must pay Adult or Student membership

Click here to pay “Family Membership” now

STUDENT:

Registration Fee: €80.00

18 years or over that is in full-time school/college

Click here to pay “Student Member” now

NON-PLAYING FULL MEMBER:

Registration Fee: €80.00

*** Note, this registration entitles you to vote at the AGM.

Click here to pay “Non-Playing Full Member” now

SOCIAL MEMBER:

Registration Fee: €25.00

*** Note, this registration does not entitle you to vote at the AGM

Click here to pay “Social Member” now